(2022) List of African countries and capitals, currencies, presidents & GDP

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Written By Godfrey


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Some Africans have always wondered why they were sent here. We will not be answering that question today, or even ever.

In this article, we will be talking about African countries and capitals, their currencies, their presidents and GDP. We will also talk about what makes Africa, Africa.

Introduction (The Facts about Africa)

Africa is the second largest continent in the world by land mass, covering about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) [Just know its really big]. Africa alone makes up about 20% of the earths land mass and 6% of its total population.

It’s also the 2nd most populous continent on earth, only second to Asia (And that’s because China is in Asia). Africa has a population of 1.216 billion people in 2020, with Nigeria making up about 200 million of those people and coming in as the most populous black nation.



Fact: Did you know that Lagos is the biggest city in Africa?

Fact: Africa has the youngest average population in the world.

Fact: 16% of the human population come from Africa.


Fact: Despite the abundance of resources in Africa, Africa is still the poorest continent on earth in terms of per capital income. (Most of which is blamed on colonization by the Europeanss)

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African countries and their presidents, map of Africa

Why is Africa poor

Now that’s an interesting question. The worlds richest continent in terms of natural resources turns out to have the lowest per capital income?

The answer is not so easy, but it can easily be attributed to poor leadership across the continent. Africa’s history also paints a gruesome picture, riddled with slave trade and colonization.

Will Africa be great again?



This is a strong yes. Africa has one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Lagos for example is rated amongst one of the largest and fasted growing cities in the world.

Africa will be great again, its just going to take time.

Lets now get into the business of the day, the list of African countries and capitals, presidents and GDP

List of African countries and capitals, their currencies, and GDP

CountriesCapitalsCurrenciesCurrencyRankGDP in Billions ($)
AlgeriaAlgiersAlgerian dinarDZD4183.687
AngolaLuandaAngolan kwanzaAOA792.191
BeninPorto-NovoCFA franc XOF3211.184
BotswanaGaboroneBotswana pulaBWP2119.651
Burkina FasoOuagadougouCFA francXOF2514.882
BurundiGitegaBurundi francBIF433.573
Cabo VerdePraiaCFA franc XAF1439.219
CameroonYaoundeCape Verdean escudoCVE492.042
Central African RepublicBanguiCFA francXAF482.285
ChadN’DjamenaCFA francXAF3111.372
ComorosMoroniComorian francKMF530.726
Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasaCFA francXAF1148.458
Republic of the CongoBrazzavilleCongolese francCDF3311.162
Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroCFA francXOF1245.252
DjiboutiDjibouti (city)Djiboutian francDJF472.392
EgyptCairoEgyptian poundEGP3299.589
Equatorial GuineaMalabo (de jure),
Oyala (seat of government)
CFA francXAF3012.432
EritreaAsmaraEritrean nakfaERN377.718
(formerly Swaziland)
Mbabane (administrative),
Lobamba (legislative, royal)
EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopian birrETB890.968
GabonLibrevilleCFA francXAF2316.709
GhanaAccraGhanaian cediGHS2912.623
GuineaConakryGuinean francGNF521.538
Guinea-BissauBissauCFA francXOF699.246
KenyaNairobiKenyan shillingKES462.811
LesothoMaseruLesotho lotiLSL443.221
LiberiaMonroviaLiberian dollarLRD1344.964
LibyaTripoliLibyan dinarLYD2812.734
MadagascarAntananarivoMalagasy ariaryMGA387.436
MalawiLilongweMalawian kwachaMWK2217.833
MaliBamakoCFA francXOF405.569
MauritiusPort LouisMauritian rupeeMUR5121.350
MoroccoRabatMoroccan dirhamMAD2415.372
MozambiqueMaputoMozambican meticalMZN2713.961
NamibiaWindhoekNamibian dollarNAD359.724
NigerNiameyCFA francXOF1444.916
NigeriaAbujaNigerian nairaNGN3410.211
RwandaKigaliRwandan francRWF540.477
Sao Tome and PrincipeSão ToméSão Tomé and Príncipe dobraSTD1825.32
SenegalDakarCFA francXOF511.654
SeychellesVictoriaSeychellois rupeeSCR423.998
Sierra LeoneFreetownSierra Leonean leoneSLL367.903
SomaliaMogadishuSomali shillingSOS2371.298
South AfricaPretoria (administrative),
Cape Town (legislative),
Bloemfontein (judicial)
South African randZAR453.151
South SudanJubaSouth Sudanese poundSSP1731.468
SudanKhartoumSudanese poundSDG1061.032
TanzaniaDodomaTanzanian shillingTZS501.741
TogoLoméCFA francXOF395.592
TunisiaTunisTunisian dinarTND1536.204
UgandaKampalaUgandan shillingUGX1633.569
ZambiaLusakaZambian kwachaZMW1924.615
ZimbabweHarareRTGS DollarZBN2022.29

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Complete List of current Presidents of African nations [African countries and capitals]

African Countries and their presidents and capital
  • Algeria:

The current president of Algeria is Abdelmadjid Tebboune. He won the 2019 presidential election on the 12th of December and assumed office on 19 December 2019.

  • Angola:

João Lourenço is the current president of Angola and has been in office since 26 September 2017

  • Benin:

Patrice Talon is the 8th president of Benin Republic and the current president. He assumed office on the 6th of April 2016

  • Botswana:

Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi is the fifth and current President of Botswana. He has been in office since 2018.

  • Burkina Faso:

Roch Marc Christian Kaboré is the current President of Burkina Faso and has been in office since 2015.

  • Burundi:

The current president of Burundi is Évariste Ndayishimiye, and Evariste took office on 18 June 2020 succeeding Pierre Nkurunziza, who had been in office since 26 August 2005. 



  • Cape Verde:

The current president of Cape Verde is Jorge Carlos Fonseca and has been in office since 9 September 2011

  • Cameroon:

The current President of Cameroon is Paul Biya and this guy has been in office since 6 November 1982. A woping 38 years and counting.

  • Central African Republic (CAR):

The current President of the Central African Republic (CAR) is Faustin-Archange Touadéra and has been in office since 30 March 2016.

  • Chad:

General Idriss Déby Itno the current President of Chad and has been in office since 1990. He has been in office for 30 years.

  • Comoros

The current president of Comoros is Azali Assoumani. He has held office since 2016. Before then, he was President from 1999 to 2002 and again from 2002 to 2006. He emerged the president of Comoros on 30 April 1999 after leading a coup to depose acting president Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde. On 15 May 2016 he was declared by the Constitutional Court to have won the 2016 presidential election to succeed President Ikililou Dhoinine.



  • Republic of the Congo

The current President of Republic of Congo is Denis Sassou Nguesso. He has been in office since 1997. Republic of Congo also has a Prime Minister by the name Clément Mouamba (2016–present)

  •  Democratic Republic of the Congo

The current President of DRC is Félix Tshisekedi. He won the 2019 election. 

  •  Djibouti

The current President of Djibouti is  Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, He has been president of Djibouti since 1999.

  • Egypt

The current President of Egypt is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, he has been President of Egypt since 2014.

  •  Equatorial Guinea

The current President of Equatorial Guinea is Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, and he has been President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979.

  •  Eritrea

The current President of Eritrea is Isaias Afwerki. He has been President of Eritrea since 1991.

  •  Eswatini

The current Monarch of Eswatini is Mswati III, he has been King of Eswatini from 1986–present while the Prime Minister is Mandvulo Ambrose Dlamini since 2018.



  •  Ethiopia

The current President of Ethiopia is Sahle-Work Zewde since 2018.

  •  Gabon

The current President is Ali Bongo Ondimba since 2009

  •  The Gambia

The current President is Adama Barrow, since 2017

  •  Ghana

The current President of Ghana is Nana Akufo-Addosince 2017

  •  Guinea

The current President is Alpha Condé, and has been President of Guinea 2010.

  • Guinea-Bissau

The current President is Umaro Sissoco Embaló and has been in office since 2020.

  •  Ivory Coast

The current president of Ivory coast is Alassane Ouattara, President of the Ivory Coast since 2010.

  •  Kenya

The current president of of Kenya is Uhuru Kenyatta, been President of Kenya since 2013.

  •  Lesotho

Lesotho has a Monarch. His name is Letsie III, he is the King of Lesotho and has been in power since 1996. How ever, the prime minister is Moeketsi Majoro (2020-present)

  •  Liberia

The current president of Liberia  is George Weah and he came into power in 2018.

  • Libya

Libya is a complicated one. The Head of State is Aguila Saleh Issa (2014–present). The Prime Minister is Abdullah al-Thani (2014–present)



  •  Madagascar

The current president of Madagascar is Andry Rajoelina, since 2019 with a Prime Minister: Christian Ntsay (2018–present)

  •  Malawi

The current president of Malawi is Peter Mutharika (2014–present)

  •  Mali

The current president of Mali is Ibrahim Bah Ndaw (Acting), since 25th September 2020.

  •  Mauritania

The current president of Mauritania is Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, since 2019.

  •  Mauritius

The current president of Mauritius is Pritvirajsing Roopun and has been in office since 2019.

  •  Morocco

The current leader of Monarch is Mohammed VI, King of Morocco since 1999 while the Prime Minister is Saadeddine Othmani as the Head of Government of Morocco since 2017.

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  •  Mozambique

The current president of Mozambique is Filipe Nyusi. President of Mozambique since 2015 alongside Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho do Rosário (2015–present).

  •  Namibia

The current president of Namibia is Hage Geingob. President of Namibia since  2015 and the Prime Minister is Saara Kuugongelwa (2015–present)



  •  Niger

The current president of Niger is Mahamadou Issoufou (2011–present) and Prime Minister is Brigi Rafini (2011–present)

  •  Nigeria

The current president of Nigeria is Muhammadu Buhari (2015–present).

President Donald Trump and Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari shake hands during for a news conference in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, Monday, April 30, 2018. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)
  •  Rwanda

The current president of Rwanda is Paul Kagami (2000–present). While the Prime Minister is Édouard Ngirente (2017–present).

  •  São Tomé and Príncipe

The current president of São Tomé and Príncipe is Evaristo Carvalho (2016–present) and Prime Minister as Jorge Bom Jesus (2018–present)

  •  Senegal

The current president of Senegal is Macky Sall, (2012–present)

  •  Seychelles

The current president of Seychelles is Danny Faure, and has been in office since 2016.

  •  Sierra Leone

The current president of Sierra Leone is Julius Maada Bio (2018–present) and Chief Minister – David J. Francis (2018–present)

  •  Somalia

The current president of Somalia is Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed and has been in office since 2017. The Prime Minister – Hassan Ali Khayre (2017–present)



  •  South Africa

The current president of South Africa is Cyril Ramaphosa, and ascended office is 2018.

South African President
  •  South Sudan

The current president is Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)

  •  Sudan

The current president is Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Leader of the Sovereignty Council (2019–present)

And Prime Minister – Abdalla Hamdok (2019–present)

  •  Tanzania

The current president is Samia Suluhu, (2021–present). She is the first female president of Tanzania. She took over after the president died.

  •  Togo

The current president is Faure Gnassingbé (2005–present)

  •  Tunisia

The current president is Kais Saied (2019–present)

  •  Uganda

The current president is Yoweri Museveni (1986–present)

  •  Zambia

The current president is Edgar Lungu (2015–present)

  •  Zimbabwe

The current president is Emmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present).

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