(2023) List of African countries and capitals, currencies, presidents & GDP


This Article was Reviewed by The Chief Editor, Godfrey

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Some Africans have always wondered why they were sent here. We will not be answering that question today, or even ever.

In this article, we will be talking about African countries and capitals, their currencies, their presidents and GDP. We will also talk about what makes Africa, Africa.

Introduction (The Facts about Africa)

Africa is the second largest continent in the world by land mass, covering about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) [Just know its really big]. Africa alone makes up about 20% of the earths land mass and 6% of its total population.

It’s also the 2nd most populous continent on earth, only second to Asia (And that’s because China is in Asia). Africa has a population of 1.216 billion people in 2020, with Nigeria making up about 200 million of those people and coming in as the most populous black nation.

Fact: Did you know that Lagos is the biggest city in Africa?

Fact: Africa has the youngest average population in the world.

Fact: 16% of the human population come from Africa.


Fact: Despite the abundance of resources in Africa, Africa is still the poorest continent on earth in terms of per capital income. (Most of which is blamed on colonization by the Europeanss)

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African countries and their presidents, map of Africa

Why is Africa poor

Now that’s an interesting question. The worlds richest continent in terms of natural resources turns out to have the lowest per capital income?

The answer is not so easy, but it can easily be attributed to poor leadership across the continent. Africa’s history also paints a gruesome picture, riddled with slave trade and colonization.

Will Africa be great again?

This is a strong yes. Africa has one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Lagos for example is rated amongst one of the largest and fasted growing cities in the world.

Africa will be great again, its just going to take time.

Lets now get into the business of the day, the list of African countries and capitals, presidents and GDP

List of African countries and capitals, their currencies, and GDP

CountriesCapitalsCurrenciesCurrencyRankGDP in Billions ($)
AlgeriaAlgiersAlgerian dinarDZD4183.687
AngolaLuandaAngolan kwanzaAOA792.191
BeninPorto-NovoCFA franc XOF3211.184
BotswanaGaboroneBotswana pulaBWP2119.651
Burkina FasoOuagadougouCFA francXOF2514.882
BurundiGitegaBurundi francBIF433.573
Cabo VerdePraiaCFA franc XAF1439.219
CameroonYaoundeCape Verdean escudoCVE492.042
Central African RepublicBanguiCFA francXAF482.285
ChadN’DjamenaCFA francXAF3111.372
ComorosMoroniComorian francKMF530.726
Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasaCFA francXAF1148.458
Republic of the CongoBrazzavilleCongolese francCDF3311.162
Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroCFA francXOF1245.252
DjiboutiDjibouti (city)Djiboutian francDJF472.392
EgyptCairoEgyptian poundEGP3299.589
Equatorial GuineaMalabo (de jure),
Oyala (seat of government)
CFA francXAF3012.432
EritreaAsmaraEritrean nakfaERN377.718
(formerly Swaziland)
Mbabane (administrative),
Lobamba (legislative, royal)
EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopian birrETB890.968
GabonLibrevilleCFA francXAF2316.709
GhanaAccraGhanaian cediGHS2912.623
GuineaConakryGuinean francGNF521.538
Guinea-BissauBissauCFA francXOF699.246
KenyaNairobiKenyan shillingKES462.811
LesothoMaseruLesotho lotiLSL443.221
LiberiaMonroviaLiberian dollarLRD1344.964
LibyaTripoliLibyan dinarLYD2812.734
MadagascarAntananarivoMalagasy ariaryMGA387.436
MalawiLilongweMalawian kwachaMWK2217.833
MaliBamakoCFA francXOF405.569
MauritiusPort LouisMauritian rupeeMUR5121.350
MoroccoRabatMoroccan dirhamMAD2415.372
MozambiqueMaputoMozambican meticalMZN2713.961
NamibiaWindhoekNamibian dollarNAD359.724
NigerNiameyCFA francXOF1444.916
NigeriaAbujaNigerian nairaNGN3410.211
RwandaKigaliRwandan francRWF540.477
Sao Tome and PrincipeSão ToméSão Tomé and Príncipe dobraSTD1825.32
SenegalDakarCFA francXOF511.654
SeychellesVictoriaSeychellois rupeeSCR423.998
Sierra LeoneFreetownSierra Leonean leoneSLL367.903
SomaliaMogadishuSomali shillingSOS2371.298
South AfricaPretoria (administrative),
Cape Town (legislative),
Bloemfontein (judicial)
South African randZAR453.151
South SudanJubaSouth Sudanese poundSSP1731.468
SudanKhartoumSudanese poundSDG1061.032
TanzaniaDodomaTanzanian shillingTZS501.741
TogoLoméCFA francXOF395.592
TunisiaTunisTunisian dinarTND1536.204
UgandaKampalaUgandan shillingUGX1633.569
ZambiaLusakaZambian kwachaZMW1924.615
ZimbabweHarareRTGS DollarZBN2022.29

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Complete List of current Presidents of African nations [African countries and capitals]

African Countries and their presidents and capital
  • Algeria:

The current president of Algeria is Abdelmadjid Tebboune. He won the 2019 presidential election on the 12th of December and assumed office on 19 December 2019.

  • Angola:

João Lourenço is the current president of Angola and has been in office since 26 September 2017

  • Benin:

Patrice Talon is the 8th president of Benin Republic and the current president. He assumed office on the 6th of April 2016

  • Botswana:

Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi is the fifth and current President of Botswana. He has been in office since 2018.

  • Burkina Faso:

The Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration has been the ruling military junta of Burkina Faso since the January 2022 Burkina Faso coup d’état.

Originally it was led by Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, but he was overthrown by dissatisfied junta members during the September 2022 Burkina Faso coup d’état. In his place, Capt. Ibrahim Traoré was installed as the leading figure. By November 2022, aside from Traoré, no other MPSR members were known to the public.

  • Burundi:

The current president of Burundi is Évariste Ndayishimiye, and Evariste took office on 18 June 2020 succeeding Pierre Nkurunziza, who had been in office since 26 August 2005. 

  • Cape Verde:
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The current president of Cape Verde is José Maria Neves and has been in office since 9 September 2021.

  • Cameroon:

The current President of Cameroon is Paul Biya and this guy has been in office since 6 November 1982. A whopping 41 years as of 2023 and counting.

  • Central African Republic (CAR):

The current President of the Central African Republic (CAR) is Faustin-Archange Touadéra and has been in office since 30 March 2016.

  • Chad:

General Mahamat Déby the current President of Chad and has been in office since 2021.

  • Comoros

The current president of Comoros is Azali Assoumani. He has held office since 2016. Before then, he was President from 1999 to 2002 and again from 2002 to 2006. He emerged the president of Comoros on 30 April 1999 after leading a coup to depose acting president Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde. On 15 May 2016 he was declared by the Constitutional Court to have won the 2016 presidential election to succeed President Ikililou Dhoinine.

  • Republic of the Congo

The current President of Republic of Congo is Denis Sassou Nguesso. He has been in office since January 1997 till present. The Republic of Congo also has a Prime Minister by the name Anatole Collinet Makosso (January 2021 –present)

  •  Democratic Republic of the Congo

The current President of Republic of Congo is Felix Tshisekedi. He has been in office since January 2019–present. The Republic of Congo also has a Prime Minister by the name Sama Lukonde (January 2021 –present) 

  •  Djibouti

The current President of Djibouti is  Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, He has been president of Djibouti since 1999.

  • Egypt

The current President of Egypt is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, he has been President of Egypt since 2014.

  •  Equatorial Guinea

The current President of Equatorial Guinea is Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, and he has been President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979.

  •  Eritrea

The current President of Eritrea is Isaias Afwerki. He has been President of Eritrea since 1991.

  •  Eswatini

The current Monarch of Eswatini is Mswati III, he has been King of Eswatini from 1986–present while the Prime Minister is Cleopas Dlamini since 2021.

  •  Ethiopia
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The current President of Ethiopia is Sahle-Work Zewde since 2018.

  •  Gabon

The current President is Ali Bongo Ondimba since 2009.

Ali Bongo Ondimba, also referred to as Ali Bongo, was born as Alain Bernard Bongo on 9 February 1959. He is a Gabonese statesman currently serving as the third and incumbent president of Gabon, a position he assumed in October 2009. Ali Bongo is the son of Omar Bongo, who held the presidency of Gabon from 1967 until his passing in 2009.

  •  The Gambia

The current President is Adama Barrow, since 2017

  •  Ghana

The current President of Ghana is Nana Akufo-Addosince 2017

  •  Guinea

The current President is Mamady Doumbouya, and has been President of Guinea 2021.

  • Guinea-Bissau

The current President is Umaro Sissoco Embaló and has been in office since 2020.

  •  Ivory Coast

The current president of Ivory coast is Alassane Ouattara, President of the Ivory Coast since 2010.

  •  Kenya

The current president of of Kenya is William Ruto. William Ruto, who was inaugurated on 13 September 2022 is the current president.

  •  Lesotho

Lesotho has a Monarch. His name is Letsie III, he is the King of Lesotho and has been in power since 1996. However, the prime minister is Sam Matekane (2022-present)

  •  Liberia

The current president of Liberia is George Weah and he came into power in 2018. Prior to his election to the presidency, Weah served as Senator from Montserrado County.

  • Libya

Libya is a complicated one. The Head of State is Mohamed al-Menfi (15 March 2021 – present). He is the Chairman of the presidential council of the State of Libya.

  •  Madagascar

The current president of Madagascar is Andry Rajoelina, since 2019 with a Prime Minister: Christian Ntsay (2018–present)

  •  Malawi

The current president of Malawi is Lazarus Chakwera. He has served as President of Malawi since June 2020. He also serves as Minister of Defence per Malawian constitution.

  •  Mali

The current president of Mali is Assimi Goïta. Goïta took power from Bah Ndaw after the 2021 Malian coup d’état and has since been declared interim president of Mali.

  •  Mauritania

The current president of Mauritania is Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, since 2019.

  •  Mauritius

The current president of Mauritius is Pritvirajsing Roopun and has been in office since 2019. The Prime Minister is Pravind Jugnauth.

  •  Morocco

The current leader of Morocco is Mohammed VI, King of Morocco since 1999 while the Prime Minister is Aziz Akhannouch as the Head of Government of Morocco since 2021.

  •  Mozambique

The current president of Mozambique is Filipe Nyusi. President of Mozambique since 2015 alongside Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho do Rosário (2015–present).

  •  Namibia

The current president of Namibia is Hage Geingob. President of Namibia since  2015 and the Prime Minister is Saara Kuugongelwa (2015–present)

  •  Niger

The current president of Niger is Mohamed Bazoum (2 April 2021 till now) and Prime Minister is Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou (2021 –present)

  •  Nigeria

The current president of Nigeria is Bola Tinubu (May 2023 – present).

  •  Rwanda

The current president of Rwanda is Paul Kagami (2000–present). While the Prime Minister is Édouard Ngirente (2017–present).

  •  São Tomé and Príncipe

The current president of São Tomé and Príncipe is Carlos Manuel Vila Nova (2021 – present) and Prime Minister is Jorge Bom Jesus (2018–present)

  •  Senegal

The current president of Senegal is Macky Sall, (2012–present)

  •  Seychelles

The current president of Seychelles is Wavel Ramkalawan, and has been in office since 26 October 2020.

  •  Sierra Leone

The current prime minister of Sierra Leone is Hamza Abdi Barre (2022–present) and Chief Minister – Chief Minister Mr. Jacob Jusu Saffa.

  •  Somalia

The current president of Somalia is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and has been in office since 2022. The Prime Minister – Hamza Abdi Barre (2022 – present)

  •  South Africa

The current president of South Africa is Cyril Ramaphosa, and ascended office is 2018.

South African President
  •  South Sudan

The current president is Salva Kiir Mayardir. He has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011.

  •  Sudan

The current head of state of Sudan is occupied by The Transitional Sovereignty Council. The Leader of the Sovereignty Council is Abdel Fattah al-Burhan (2019–present)

  •  Tanzania

The current president is Samia Suluhu, (2021–present). She is the first female president of Tanzania. She took over after the president died.

  •  Togo

The current president is Faure Gnassingbé (2005–present)

  •  Tunisia

The current president is Kais Saied (2019–present)

  •  Uganda

The current president is Yoweri Museveni (1986–present). He is a retired military officer who has been the 9th and current President of Uganda since 26 January 1986

  •  Zambia

The current president is Hakainde Hichilema. Assumed office on 24 August 2021

  •  Zimbabwe

The current president is Emmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present).


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About the Chief Editor

Godfrey Ogbo, the Chief Editor and CEO of AtlanticRide, merges his environmental management expertise with extensive business experience, including in real estate. With a master's degree and a knack for engaging writing, he adeptly covers complex growth and business topics. His analytical approach and business insights enrich the blog, making it a go-to source for readers seeking thoughtful and informed content.

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