North American countries and their capitals and GDP (Updated 2023)


This Article was Reviewed by The Chief Editor, Godfrey

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Reviewed by Soliu.

There are 23 countries in North America, along with their capitals. The country with the highest GDP is the United States, followed by Canada and Mexico. Bermuda has the highest GDP per capita, followed by the United States and Canada.

Read on as I reveal all you need to know about North American Countries and their Capitals and GDP.

North America, nestled between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, is a continent of diverse cultures, languages and landscapes. From the skyscrapers of New York City to the ancient ruins of Mexico, North America is no doubt a place for all, whether for tourism or residency.

In this article, I’ll list all the North American countries and their capitals and then look into each country’s GDP. So, let’s begin the journey to North America to see what’s on the map and learn economics; it promises to be interesting.

North American Countries and Their Capitals 

North American countries and their capitals and GDP

The table below shows all the North American Countries and their capitals as well as their official language spoken, currency and where it is on the cardinal point of North America.

S/NCountryCapitalOfficial LanguageCurrencyCardinal Point
1CanadaOttawaEnglish/FrenchCanadian Dollar (CAD)North
2United StatesWashington D.C.EnglishUnited States Dollar (USD)North
3MexicoMexico CitySpanishMexican Peso (MXN)South
4GuatemalaGuatemala CitySpanishGuatemalan Quetzal (GTQ) South
5BelizeBelmopanEnglishBelize Dollar (BZD)East
6El SavadorSan SalvadorSpanishUnited States Dollar (USD)South
7HondurasTegucigalpaSpanishHonduran Lempira (HNL)South
8Costa RicaSan JoseSpanishCosta Rican ColonSouth
9NicaraguaManaguaSpanishNicaraguan Cordoba (NIO)South
10PanamaPanama CitySpanishPanamanian Balboa (PAB)South
11CubaHavanaSpanishCuban Peso (CUP)North
12Dominican RepublicSanto DomingoSpanishDominican Peso (DOP)North
13HaitiPort-au-PrinceHaitian Creole/FrenchHaitian Gourde (HTG)North
14JamaicaKingstonEnglishJamaican Dollar (JMD)North
15Puerto RicoSan JuanSpanish/EnglishUnited States Dollar (USD)North
16BahamasNassauEnglishBahamian Dollar (BSD)North
17Trinidad and TobagoPort of SpainEnglishTrinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD)South
18BarbadosBridgetownEnglishBarbadian Dollar (BBD)East
19Saint LuciaCastriesEnglishEast Caribbean Dollar (XCD)East
20Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstownEnglishEast Caribbean Dollar (XCD)East
21Antigua and BarbudaSaint John’sEnglishEast Caribbean Dollar (XCD)East
22Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterreEnglishEast Caribbean Dollar (XCD)East
23GrenadaSt. George’sEnglishEast Caribbean Dollar (XCD)East

Knowing the North American countries and their capitals, let’s dive into each country’s GDP.

North American Countries and their GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP) represents the total value of all goods and services from a nation in a given year. Nominal GDP estimates sorted countries in North America based on 2023 data from the World Economic Outlook by the International Monetary Fund.

S/NWorldrankCountry2023 GDP (nominal)millions of international dollar
North America 31,173,588
11United States26,854,599
464Dominican Republic 121,289
5Cuba107,352 (2020)
778Costa Rica77,777
9103El Salvador 33,752
11113Trinidad and Tobago28,223
15141The Bahamas14,114
18174Saint Lucia2,262
19178Antigua and Barbuda1,864
21184Saint Kitts and Nevis1,052
22185Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1,039
Source: Wikipedia

From the above table, the United States has the largest economy in North America, comprising over 86% of the continent’s gross domestic product, followed by Canada and Mexico. The United States stands out as an economic powerhouse because of its high GDP compared to other countries.

Fun Facts About North American Countries and Their Capitals 

North American countries and their GDP
  • Ottawa is the second coldest national capital in the world, after Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • The Rideau Canal that runs through Ottawa becomes the world’s longest ice skating rink in winter.
  • Washington, D.C., is not part of any state and is a federal district.
  • Mexico City was built over the ruins of the ancient Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. The city is sinking about 10 inches per year due to groundwater extraction.
  • Belmopan is one of the newest national capitals in the world, established in 1970.
  • El Salvador is the most densely populated country and the smallest in Central America.
  • Nicaragua has the largest freshwater lake in Central America, Lake Nicaragua.
  • Panama City is the only capital city with a rainforest within its limits, known as the Metropolitan Nature Park.
  • The Panama Canal, a significant engineering marvel, connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

FAQs on North American countries and their capitals  

North American countries and their capitals and GDP

What is the Largest Country in North America by Land Area?

The largest country in North America by land area is Canada. Its land area is approximately 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles). It stretches from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east.

Which North American Country has the Highest Population?

The United States has the highest population among North American countries. As of 2023, the estimated population of the United States is around 340 million people.

What is the Strongest Country in North America?

The United States of America is the strongest country in North America. It holds the world’s most dominant economy.

North America Has How Many Countries?

There are 23 Countries in North America, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, and many island nations in the Caribbean Sea.


We’ve explored North American countries and their capitals and seen their economy. We also stopped by to learn about their currency, spoken languages and where each country is located on the continent’s cardinal point. 

As you step back into your world, understand that this information is not just for you to know; it’s for you to add your notes and make the song even more beautiful. Explore and Learn from reality! North America is waiting with open arms!

I’m sure you’ve learnt something today, so remember to share this post to help more people know about North American Countries and their capitals. Also, don’t forget to drop your thoughts in the comments box below. Thanks for reading. 


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About the Chief Editor

Godfrey Ogbo, the Chief Editor and CEO of AtlanticRide, merges his environmental management expertise with extensive business experience, including in real estate. With a master's degree and a knack for engaging writing, he adeptly covers complex growth and business topics. His analytical approach and business insights enrich the blog, making it a go-to source for readers seeking thoughtful and informed content.

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