Asian countries and their capitals and GDP (2024)


This Article was Reviewed by The Chief Editor, Godfrey

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Reviewed by Soliu.

Some of the notable Asian countries and their capitals are Japan (Tokyo), China (Beijing), India (New Delhi), South Korea (Seoul), Indonesia (Jakarta) etc. These nations are some of the best Asian countries in terms of GDP.

Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent, is home to many nations, each with its unique capital city. To name a few, Afghanistan’s capital is Kabul, Armenia’s is Yerevan, China boasts Beijing, India has New Delhi, and Tokyo anchors Japan.

Southward, Indonesia is centered in Jakarta, while Malaysia’s heartbeat is Kuala Lumpur. Middle Eastern countries like Saudi Arabia and Iraq have Riyadh and Baghdad, respectively. To the northeast, Russia, a transcontinental nation, has its capital in Moscow, while South Korea thrives in Seoul.

This merely scratches the surface, as Asia encompasses a vast array of countries, from Turkey’s Ankara in the west to the Philippines’ Manila in the east, each boasting a rich tapestry of history, culture, and tradition within their capital cities.

Asian countries and their capitals

Asian countries and their capitals include Japan (Tokyo), China (Beijing), India (New Delhi), South Korea (Seoul), Indonesia (Jakarta), Turkey (Ankara), Thailand (Bangkok), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), Vietnam (Hanoi), and Singapore (Singapore City). 

Asian countries and their capitals and GDP

Outlined in the list below are some Asian Countries and their Capitals:

Asian CountryCapital
BruneiBandar Seri Begawan
CambodiaPhnom Penh
East TimorDili
IndiaNew Delhi
Asian countries and their capitals and GDP
KuwaitKuwait City
MalaysiaKualar Lumpur
North KoreaPyongyang
Saudi ArabiaRiyadh
South KoreaSeoul
Sri LankaSri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Asian countries and their capitals and GDP
United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi

Asian countries and their GDPs

Which country in Asia has the highest GDP per capita? This question often arises when assessing the economic landscape of the continent.

 To provide a comprehensive overview, it’s essential to examine the economic dynamics of various Asian nations, their growth trends, and the factors contributing to their prosperity.

Asia’s economic prowess is dominated by several key players, with China leading the pack as the largest economy. 


China’s economic might is so substantial that it alone contributes to over half of the continent’s GDP increase in 2021, surpassing the $2 trillion mark. This impressive growth underscores China’s continued ascent on the global economic stage.

Japan, India, South Korea, and Indonesia follow closely behind, collectively accounting for a 76.5% share of Asia’s economy. 

These nations have consistently demonstrated their economic resilience and potential for growth, making them integral to the region’s prosperity.

Looking ahead, it’s worth noting that Asia is home to six economies with GDPs exceeding $1 trillion and 23 economies boasting economies surpassing the $100 billion threshold. 

These statistics highlight the region’s remarkable diversity, with established economic powerhouses and emerging players driving growth.

In 2021, there are significant shifts in the ranking of Asian economies. Saudi Arabia is set to overtake Turkey, claiming the seventh position, while the United Arab Emirates is poised to surpass the Philippines. 

Hong Kong SAR, once a prominent financial hub, faces the prospect of being overtaken by Malaysia and Singapore, reflecting changing dynamics in the region’s economic landscape.

Asia’s influence on the global stage is undeniable, with four Asian economies securing positions among the world’s top ten largest economies. 

Moreover, a remarkable nineteen Asian economies are in the top 50 in global GDP rankings.

 This underscores Asia’s role as an economic powerhouse with extensive reach and impact on the world stage.

However, it’s not all uniform growth across the continent. In 2021, while the GDP of 46 Asian economies is expected to increase, three nations, Myanmar, Timor-Leste, and Bhutan, are anticipated to experience a decline in their nominal GDP. 

These contractions may be attributed to various factors, including geopolitical challenges and economic instability.

Returning to the initial question, which country in Asia has the highest GDP per capita? The answer to this question varies over time and depends on several factors, including population size, economic policies, and resource allocation. 

Asian Countries and their GDP

There were some of Asia’s highest GDP per capita estimates in places like Singapore and Qatar.

However, these rankings can change, and it’s crucial to consult the latest data and economic reports for the most up-to-date information. 

GDP per capita is a vital metric for assessing the standard of living and economic well-being of a country’s citizens, making it an essential consideration in the broader discussion of Asia’s economic landscape

In PPP data, the five largest economies in Asia are China, India, Japan, Indonesia, and Turkey. 

These nations collectively wield significant economic power, shaping Asia’s overall prosperity.

 Furthermore, in 2021, twelve Asian economies are anticipated to surpass the Int. $1 trillion mark in GDP, while thirty will boast economies exceeding Int. $100 billion. 

This diversity underscores the complex economic landscape of the continent.

Qatar and Uzbekistan are poised to make notable advancements, overtaking Myanmar regarding their PPP-adjusted GDP. 

This shift reflects changing economic dynamics and the potential for growth in these nations. Conversely, Lebanon is expected to slide down two positions in the rankings, reflecting its ongoing financial challenges.

Asia’s impact on the global economic stage is unmistakable, with four Asian economies securing positions among the world’s top ten largest economies in PPP terms. 

Moreover, twenty-one Asian economies are positioned within the top 50 in global GDP (PPP) rankings. This highlights Asia’s far-reaching influence and substantial role in the world economy.

However, not all nations experience uniform economic growth. In 2021, while the GDP (PPP) of forty-six Asian economies is projected to increase, three countries, Myanmar, Lebanon, and Timor-Leste, are expected to witness declines in their PPP-adjusted GDP. 

These contractions may stem from various factors, including economic instability, geopolitical challenges, and other unique circumstances.

 This metric, a vital indicator of citizens’ standard of living and overall economic well-being can vary over time and across countries. 

Countries like Qatar had some of Asia’s highest GDP per capita figures, primarily due to their small populations and substantial wealth.

However, it’s important to note that these rankings can change over time. Accessing the latest data and economic reports is crucial for the most accurate and up-to-date information on GDP per capita in Asia. This metric offers valuable insights into the relative prosperity and quality of life in different Asian nations.

PPP-adjusted GDP (millions of USD) and GDP per capita (USD)

Country/TerritoryGDP PPP (millions of USD)GDP PPP per capita (USD)
Hong Kong(China)490,88064,927
Asian Countries and their GDP | Jordan
Kazakhstan 537,66428,849
North KoreaN/AN/A
South Korea2,319,58544,740
Qatar365, 835132,886
South Arabia1,898,51175,704
Sri Lanka304,62613,897
Asian Countries and their GDP
United Arab Emirates746,35069,434

Which country in Asia has the highest GDP per capita?

In the vast continent of Asia, a city-state stands out as the wealthiest and most prosperous place on earth.

 Asia’s most prosperous nation is Singapore, sometimes known as the “Lion City,” which boasts the illustrious distinction. This honor’s extraordinary per-capita GDP of $107,690 (PPP International) is at its core. 

Asian Countries and their GDP | Singapore

However, unlike its regional rivals, Singapore does not stand out for its quantity of oil or natural resources but rather for a unique confluence of elements that have contributed to its incredible economic success.

Singapore’s journey towards economic affluence is a testament to the power of visionary governance, strategic planning, and an unwavering commitment to principles that have paved the way for prosperity. 

Unlike many of its neighbors in Asia, Singapore does not rely on vast oil reserves or resource-driven revenues to fuel its wealth. Instead, it has leveraged its geographical advantage as a global trading hub and astute economic policies to create a thriving economy.

One of the cornerstones of Singapore’s wealth lies in its deficient government corruption. 

Transparency International consistently ranks Singapore as one of the least corrupt nations globally. This commitment to maintaining a clean, accountable, and transparent government has instilled confidence in local and international investors. 

Business transactions in Singapore are conducted with high trust, further bolstering the nation’s reputation as a haven for investment.

Moreover, Singapore has carefully cultivated a business-friendly environment that encourages entrepreneurship and innovation. 

The city-state boasts a robust legal framework, efficient regulatory processes, and a highly educated workforce. This combination has attracted entrepreneurs and companies from across the globe, all seeking to tap into Singapore’s dynamic economic ecosystem.

Singapore’s strategic location has also been pivotal in its economic ascent. Situated at the crossroads of global trade routes, it has emerged as a vital link in the worldwide supply chain. 

This strategic positioning has made it an ideal destination for multinational corporations looking to establish regional or global headquarters. The influx of these international companies has brought capital, created high-value jobs, and fostered innovation.

In addition to its pro-business policies and strong governance, Singapore’s commitment to education and workforce development has driven economic growth.

 The city-state consistently invests in its citizens, ensuring access to quality education and skills training. A highly competent and adaptable workforce that can handle the changing demands of a knowledge-based economy has resulted from this focus on human capital.

While Singapore’s wealth is built on non-resource sectors, the story of the second-wealthiest country in Asia, Qatar, takes a different trajectory. Nestled in the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East, Qatar is an oil-rich nation with a per-capita GDP of $100,040 (PPP Int$). 

Qatar | Asian Countries and their GDP

Its prosperity is underpinned mainly by its significant oil reserves, among the world’s largest. These vast energy resources have been a source of immense wealth, propelling Qatar into the upper echelons of global affluence.

Qatar’s oil reserves are substantial enough to sustain its economic prosperity for at least two decades. This valuable resource has enabled the nation to make significant investments in infrastructure, education, and healthcare, enhancing the quality of life for its citizens.

 The revenue generated from oil exports has also allowed Qatar to diversify its economy, investing in finance, real estate, and sports, further securing its financial future.

A highly competent and adaptable workforce that can handle the changing demands of a knowledge-based economy has resulted from this focus on human capital.

While Singapore and Qatar represent two vastly different paths to wealth within Asia, they exemplify the transformative power of sound governance, strategic planning, and resource management. Singapore’s wealth is grounded in its reputation for integrity, business-friendliness, and innovation, while Qatar thrives on its abundant oil resources and visionary investments. 

Together, these nations serve as beacons of prosperity in the Asian landscape, drawing admiration worldwide for their unique journeys to affluence.


In conclusion, Asia is a continent known for its incredible diversity in terms of countries, cultures, and economies. This brief overview highlights several Asian countries, capitals, and nominal GDP figures from 2021 to 2023. 

Asia encompasses various economic landscapes, from financial giants like China and Japan to emerging economies like Vietnam and Bangladesh.

Each of these countries has unique strengths and challenges, contributing to the rich tapestry of Asia’s economic story. Moreover, this list is incomplete, as Asia is home to numerous other nations with distinct economic characteristics.

Economic data is dynamic and can change rapidly due to various factors, including global market trends and domestic policies. 

Therefore, for the most up-to-date and accurate information on Asian countries’ economies, it is essential to refer to the latest reports and sources provided by authoritative institutions and government agencies.


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About the Chief Editor

Godfrey Ogbo, the Chief Editor and CEO of AtlanticRide, merges his environmental management expertise with extensive business experience, including in real estate. With a master's degree and a knack for engaging writing, he adeptly covers complex growth and business topics. His analytical approach and business insights enrich the blog, making it a go-to source for readers seeking thoughtful and informed content.

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